Maine & Maritime Canada Genealogy

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History of the War of 1812

The Yankee Soldier's Might: The District of Maine and the Reputation of the Massachusetts Militia, 1800-1812, by Joshua M. Smith

Canada Won the War - article in Montreal Gazette by US historian Eliot Cohen:

War of 1812 on Wikipedia

1812 - interesting item in Repertory & General Advertiser, issue of December 1, 1812: "The line of battle ships intended to be built by government, it is said, instead of being called 74's, will be denominated seventy sixers in allusion to the era of American Independence."

1812, October 18 - Account in the Repertory & General Advertiser newspaper of Boston, December 1, 1812 of the US vessel Wasp [ see image of the Wasp in another battle ] taking the British Brig Frolic [typed as printed, errors and all] SPLENDID NAVAL BATTLE. American Account of the Capture of the British Brig Frolick, (rated 18, and mounting 20 guns) by the American ship of war Wasp (rated 16, and mounting 18) - by an officer of the Wasp. {Received by a Cartel arrived at N. York from Bermuda} H. M. S. Poictiers, of 74 guns, off Bermuda Oct 25, 1812. DEAR SIR: On the 17th inst. in lat 35, 20, long 65 W about 11 P.M. a fleet of seven sail were discovered near the Wasp - Being unable to ascertain what they were, we stood from them for some time. At length, we hauled our wind, and stood on the same tack they were standing on. Early the next morning (the 18th) they were again discovered, and proved to be five ships and two brigs, one of the brigs being the protector of th convoy. We immediately made sail, and on nearing the brig, discovered that she had Spanish colors flying. About 10 o'clock, she made a signal to the convoy to make sail: and she lay, too, awaiting our response. At 27 minutes past 11 A. M., being near her, we hauled up our courses and hoisted our colours and bore down on her larboard side to the windward. At 32 minutes past eleven, we hailed her, when she hauled down Spanish colours, hoisted the British ensign and fired. The action then commenced. About five minutes afterwards, our maintop-mast, and mizen top-gallant-mast were shot away. We still continued the action with great vigour, our guns being well directed and our men in high spirits. About ten minutes past 12, we wore ship and run on board the brig, with her starboard bow on our larboard quarter. Her bowsprit, it being immediately shot away, hung over our quarter. She was then boarded by the gallant Lt. RODGERS at the head of his division, accompanied by the brave Lieutenants BIDDLE and BOOTH, and several Midshipmen. At 15 minutes past 12, her colours were hauled down; and in a few minutes after, her masts went by the board. We had 4 killed, and 5 wounded, one of whom is since dead. The Captain of the brig informed Lieut. RAPP, that he had 30 killed, and 43 wounded. {Here the officers pays a just tribute to the cool collectedness of Capt. JONES, and the merits of Lts. RODGERS, BIDDLE, BOOTH & Mr. KNIGHT, sailing-master. All the officers and men, he adds, behaved with the utmost courage and coolness and the American flag never gained greater honor than by them}. The brig is called the Frolic. She mounted 18 thirty-two pounders; two long twelves, and 120 men; and equally manned with us, and superior in guns. {Both the Wasp and Frolik were shortly after recaptured by the Poictiers, of 74 guns and have arrived in Bermuda}

1814, July 26 . Connecticut Courant, Hartford, Connecticut.
Invasion of Maine. Buckstown, July 14. I have this moment received news that Eastport was taken the 11th inst. at 6 P.M. by the British, without resistance. They are expected to move along the coast westwardly. FURTHER PARTICULARS. A gentleman has arrived in town who adds the following particulars of the above event:- He says that on the 11th inst. about 5 P.M. he was in a ferry boat passing from Lubec to Eastport: - That when within one mile of Eastport, he discovered two frigates, four other armed ships and a brig just anchoring, some of them abreast of Eastport and some off Indian Island: - That after handing sails, a barge was sent on shore with a flag of truce, which went along side the wharf near the Custom-House; that in about half an hour after the barge returned, and the American flag was struck at the fort:- That shortly after, 15 barges, full of men were sent ashore, and soon after their landing the British flag was hoisted at the fort:- That not a gun was fired on either side: - That the ferry boat then returned to Lubec, where no information had been received the next morning from Eastport, though only two miles distant:- Our informant learnt that the Collector and some others had gone to Estport the day before the British landed and that some boats which went over from Lubec afterwards had been detained: That at Jonesborough on Tuesday, he saw two soldiers who informed him that they, and six others, had made their escape from Eastport:- That the British officer who landed with the flag had demanded the surrender of the fort; and the commanding officer answered that he would strike his flag as the signal of surrender, which he did, at half past five o'clock, when these soldiers made off. The fort at eastport, we learnt, contained six 24 pounders and was garrisoned by 70 or 80 men, commanded by Major Putnam of the 48 {49th??} regt. Other accounts say that the company of regulars there was commanded by Capt. Phillebrown. Before the U.S. troops garrisoned it, a body of militia did duty there. Eastport is situated on an island, or peninsula, which forms the western cape of Passamaquoddy Bay, near the mouth of the Kobbeskook river. It is the boundary town of the U. S. and a place of much trade. July 23. CAPTURE OF EASTPORT. We have very few additional particulars of this event. It is stated in the Salem Gazette that on the approach of the British squadron, Major Putnam of the 4?th regt who commanded requested the aid of the Militia, which was refused:- the he then surrendered on the first summons, the British having landed five hundred marines: - that the inhabitants were allowed four days to take the oath of allegiance, or move off; and that the expedition was commanded by Sir Thomas Hardy in the Ramilies. The Portland Argus says Maj. Putnam at first refused to surrender the fort; and that the British Commander gave him ten minutes to reconsider his determination; when he ordered his flag to be struck, and his troops, with the U.S. property, were captured. Private property, it adds, was untouched. It is stated that Com. Hardy's force was part of a fleet of 30 sail, which sailed from Halifax a short time since; the remainder having passed to the westward.

1814, August 13 - Niles Weekly Register, Baltimore, Maryland.
Eastport. We have some minor particulars of the capture of Eastport by the British, communicated by our officers parolled there, and arrived at Boston. The force that came against the place consisted of one ship of 74 guns, one of 60, three sloops of war, and 3 transports, having on board 2000 land troops. They appear to have expected considerable resistance, and would hardly believe major Putnam, when he returned by 59 menm 11 of whom were sick. The second day after the capture the militia were mustered and deprived of their arms, among which were 2 brass 6 pounders belonging to Massachusetts. The deputy collector, a fellow named Corney, had taken the oath of allegiance and was continued in the office. The enemy also obtained possession of the custom-house bonds through a person named Rodgers. * {another account says that the bonds were saved, but that this John Rodgers, from Kennebeck, seized the custom-house officer by the collar as he was removing the other papers, and detained him until the British officers came up.} The town previous to its capture was thronged by smuggling English and Americans, and this character appears to have belonged to the chief part of the inhabitans - when the American flag was struck "some of them huzzaed, and others, men of influence, observed "now we shall get rid of the tax-gatherers - now the d____d democrats will get it". But they foyund to their sorrow that they all were treated alike. The representative of this place in the legislature of Massachusetts, named J. D. Weston, one of those who talked about French influence &c first took the oath, and is "one of his magesty's justices of the peace." The meeting-house had been converted into a baracks, and filled with soldiers, and their ladies. All the vessels were confiscated and the greater part of the private property of the people seized, and appropriated to the use of the conquerors. Houses were occupied sans ceremonie, and many abuses committed,m the reports of the English printers to the contrary notwithstanding; and the vile population of Eastport appears to suffer what they richly deserve, unpitied. The Boston Palladium, fearful that this act of the enemy may be made out an invastion of Massachusetts, labors to shew that the territory beally belonged to Great Britain, (the people certainly did, in fact, if not in form) therefore "it is to be considered by the British as only taking possession of and establishing a post on their own frontier" - this enemy-consideration should have weight with us, particularly when we recollect that Britain never carried on a war for conquest - no! - no! - neither in Ireland or India, or any where else!- When sir Thomas Hardy's proclamation, inviting the inhabitants to take the oath of allegiance, was posted up, some person attached to the army, very spiritedly posted up a counterpaper cautioning the people against swearing allegiance to King George. The following is a coyp of the paper: Whereas, since the conquest of this island by his Britannic Majesty's forces under the command of sir Thomas Hardy, and lieut. col. Andrew Pilkington, it appears, by a proclamation published by virtue of their authority, that the citizens of this place are to choose either an eternal allegiance to his majesty George the 3d, (from whose yoke our fathers freed us) or an abandonment of their property on this island; it becomes their duty seriously to consider whether they will renounce for ever the rights and privileges of American citizens, or accept the terms of the oath of allegiance for themselves, their heirs and successors, or like good men, and true to their country and honor, refuse such oath of abject submission, and appeal at once to the virtue and generosity of American people for reparation. If the oath be taken, you cannot dare to stand by the side of your bleeding country in the hour of her distress; but you and your children forever must be considered the subjects of Britain. Never let it be said by your children, "Our fathers basely sold what their fathers bravely won." If you do not take the oath, you are still freemen and honorable Americans and can meet your fellow citizens with a pure heart. If you do take the oath, you will be considered degraded in their eyes forever. "A day, an hour, of virtuous liberty, is worth a whole eternity of bondage." A TRUE AMERICAN. About 9 o'clock in the morning, after many had read the above paper, it was taken down by the British officers, who were highly exasperated at the attempt to prevent the Americans from perjuring themselves.

1815, February 25. Message from the President of the United States, Recommending the Passage of a Law to Exclude All Foreign Seamen from Employment in American Vessels. February 25, 1815. Read, and referred to the committee on Foreign Relations. Washington. A. and G. Way, Printers. 1815. Message to the senate and house of representatives of the United States. PEACE having happily taken place between the United States and Great Britain, it is desirable to guard against incidents, which, during periods of war in Europe, might tend to interrupt it: and, it is believed, in particular, that the navigation of American vessels exclusively by American seamen, either natives, or such as are already naturalized, would not only conduce to the attainment of that object, but also to increase the number of our seamen, and consequently to render our commerce and navigation independent of the service of foreigners, who might be recalled by their governments under circumstances the most inconvenient to the United States. I recommend the subject, therefore, to the consideration of congress; and, in deciding upon it, I am persuaded, that they will sufficiently estimate the policy of manifesting to the world a desire, on all occasions, to cultivate harmony with other nations by any reasonable accommodations, which do not impair the enjoyment of any of the essential rights of a free and independent people. The example on the part of the American government will merit, and may be expected to receive, a reciprocal attention from all the friendly powers of Europe. JAMES MADISON. Washington, February 25th, 1815



Historical Narrative 


The Capitulation of Maine


Operations Along the Atlantic Coast


History of the War from the New Brunswick perspective


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Comment by Pam Beveridge on January 29, 2013 at 10:36am

Kilby's History of Eastport has information on it.

The only illustrations at the time would have been paintings or sketches, but a fellow on FB showed a wonderful painting of a Passamaquoddy woman at Fort Sullivan (then renamed as Fort Sherbrooke) during the British occupation.  Wish I could find it to show you.  The Border Historical Society at Eastport sells a map that has over 20 sites of War of 1812 interest.

Comment by anna margaret mayer klein on January 29, 2013 at 9:56am

Found to be so interested,never knew eastport when thur that?how do i go about getting paper work on this war or some pictures of eastport  war of 1812. anna klein

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